Our website uses cookies. By using the website you agree ot its use. More information can be found in our privacy policy.


Joule heating or resistive heating is used in multiple daily use devices as well as in numerous industrial applications. Examples include incandescent light bulb, kettle boiler, hair dryer etc etc. On the industrial level, it is used in various applications such as baking or drying plastics, metal heat treatments, welding, casting etc etc. The ultimate goal of the EM resistive heating solver is to capture that Joule heating (via the solve of a Laplace equation for the scalar potential) and, ultimately be able to pass it to the thermal solver which can then estimate the temperature distribution. As such, the EM resistive heating solver is routinely used in conjunction with the thermal solver.